The Puritama Reserve was created to protect the cultural heritage and environment of the area. The administration and management is in the hands of a private company whose main mission is to promote and develop sustainable tourism in the area. The Puritama Reserve is 35 km from San Pedro de Atacama at a height of 3,500 M.A.S.L.
It has an area of 8,000 hectares of land, mainly hilly and desert. It is the habitat of the Andean cat, a feline up to 90 cm long and in danger of extinction. All the efforts of the reserve are focused on the study and conservation of this animal.
The thawing waters that descend from the high peaks of the Cordillera Altiplanica formed over the centuries the gorge that houses the Puritama reserve. The water of the Termas de Puritama comes from subterranean slopes located near the magma chambers of the adjacent volcanoes. One of them is the Volcan Putana, his summit reach a high of 5,890 meters a.s.l.
The water of the Termas de Puritama has an average temperature of 25 to 30 degrees Celsius and is dealt in 8 swimming pools. Its PH 7.09 neutral and the high content of dissolved salts of magnesium, sodium, lithium, potassium, calcium and boron promote relaxation and benefit the skin.