The Laguna de Caxa is located in the center of the Atacama Desert, 7 km from the village of Toconao and 50 km from San Pedro de Atacama. It is part of the Los Flamencos National Reserve and one of the best places in Chile for the observation and study of wild flamingos. The waters of the Caxa lagoon have high concentrations of dissolved salts that allow the proliferation of invertebrates micro-organisms. These micro-organisms are part of the diet of the wild birds of the place.
The Miscanti Lagoon and the Miñiques Lagoon are also part of the Los Flamencos National Reserve. The Cerro Miscanti and the Miñiques volcano rise on its shores, giving each of them their respective names. The visits to these lagoons are part of guided circuits that allow to know the flora and wild fauna of the place.
The most abundant birds in this area are the Tagua Cornuda, the Chilean flamingo, the Andean gull, the Harrier and the Juarjal and Jergon ducks. The most known mammals in the area are the Vicuña, the Guanaco, the Vizcacha and the culpeo fox. The flora of the sector of Miscanti and Miñiques is composed mainly of natural grasslands of rainfed or marshes and by areas of thickets or tolas.
The village of Socaire, known for its small houses without windows, is part of the cultural heritage of the area. Its church, built on the basis of Adobe Materials, was built in colonial times. The main economic activity of its inhabitants are the handcrafted fabrics based on wool of sheep and camelids.
The village of Toconao is the last destination of the day, its name comes from the language Kunza “Taknar” (stone) and “ao” (place). Toconao is in an oasis that has a fountain of crystalline waters. Thanks to the abundant hydric resource available, the habitators are dedicated to the production of typical fruits of the area. Toconao has a church with Belfry, which was built in the eighteenth century.
Toconao is more than 12,000 years old and all the archaeological vestiges that were found here are in the Gustavo Le Paige Museum in San Pedro de Atacama.